This year, the United States has allocated just under $8 million in extra-budgetary funding to the IAEA’s Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI) to help countries around the world improve health, agricultural productivity, and infrastructure.
The PUI projects funded thus far in 2021 help countries achieve their respective economic and social development goals, and include:
- Cancer Treatment & Prevention – The United States committed $4.5 million to support the IAEA’s activities that will help Member States diagnose and treat cancer through training and education; procurement; and promoting innovative technologies. This commitment includes the procurement of medical linear accelerators, or LINAC machines. LINACs use electricity, rather than a radioactive source, to generate high energy beams of X-rays or electrons to treat cancer.
- Pediatric Cancer – The United States contributed $500,000 to train cancer specialists and technicians from around the world, improving the quality of care for pediatric cancer patients. These efforts to build a more comprehensive cancer control system in IAEA Member States will make pediatric cancer treatment more accessible, affordable, and effective.
- Dominica is benefitting from an $180,000 project, funded by the United States, to enhance capacity to monitor agrochemical residues in foods.
- Grenada will build its national capacity through the applications of health- and resource-related nuclear technology thanks to approximately $36,000 in U.S. funding.
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines will receive over $180,000 in U.S.-funded equipment and training that will bring clean drinking water to more people while also combating harmful pests in the country’s agricultural sector.
In 2010, the United States helped the IAEA establish the Peaceful Uses Initiative to mobilize extra-budgetary contributions to support unfunded projects of the IAEA in the areas of peaceful application of nuclear technology. The PUI provides the IAEA with funding to support countries’ requests for assistance in applying nuclear technologies for peaceful purposes such as health care, agriculture, and environmental applications.
Since 2010, the United States has contributed more than $120 million to activities to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in developing countries around the world.
U.S. support to the PUI demonstrates of our commitment to fulfil our obligations under Article IV of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, or NPT. Article IV of the NPT recognizes the inalienable right of NPT States Parties to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, in conformity with their non-proliferation obligations under the Treaty, and provides for international cooperation to enable States to enjoy the benefits of the peaceful uses of the atom.
There is no more committed global partner in the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology than the United States. The assistance provided through these projects demonstrates that the United States is dedicated to improving access to the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology.
More information on the IAEA’s PUI project is available here: https://www.iaea.org/services/key-programmes/peaceful-uses-initiative
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